This is a timeline of events in Bahrain since the call for Tamarrod (rebellion) on August 14th was announced in July. For more information on Tamarrod, see our Background and FAQ page. The BBC offers a historical timeline here. A detailed timeline of events since the start of the uprising on February 14th 2011 is available on Wikipedia.

July 2013

We received the following figures from the Bahrain Center for Human Rights for the month of July, since the call for Tamarrod Bahrain was announced:

Total number of arrests: 200 (180 men, 1 woman and 18 children)
Injuries: 168
House Raids: 640
Damage to Private Property: 26
Protests: 760 

390 incidents of collective punishment were also documented during July. These include cases of "excessive use of teargas to suppress protests and deliberately shooting inside houses to spread fear, or when the police besiege a village for no valid reason".

4th July: A Facebook page called "Tamarrod Bahrain" posted a statement in both Arabic and English calling for mass action on August 14th and the building of an inclusive movement in the weeks before. The page stopped posting updates on July 7th.

7th July: A video was posted to YouTube which showed the Prime Minister thanking a police office who had been acquitted of torturing six medics in 2011. The Prime Minister also said: "These laws cannot be applied to you.

11th July: The trial of 50 citizens accused of being part of the "14th of February Youth Coalition Cell" began. The defendants who were present alleged in court that they had been tortured. Human rights defender lifted his shirt to show the court the marks on his back. Rihanna Al-Mosawi alleged that she was "she was stripped off her clothes twice while she was being interrogated at Riffa police station" and threatened with rape and electric shock.

14th July: Official government spokesperson Sameera Rajab told reporters: "There will be legal action against those who participate in the so-called ‘Tamarod’ [Rebellion] movement."

17th July: A car was exploded using gas cylinders in the car park of a Sunni mosque in Riffa, near Royal palaces. There were no injuries and the attack was broadly condemned by all sides. A splinter group called Al Ashtar Brigades claimed responsibility.

18th July: Shaikh Zuhair Aashor was reportedly "arrested by civilians" at a checkpoint and "threatened with death in front of his family."

Imam AlSadiq mosque in Salmabad, a Shi'a place of worship, was vandalised by unknown individuals.

17th July-21st July: In an escalated period of crackdown following the attack in Riffa, the Bahrain Center for Human Rights documented 60 arrests, over 140 shotgun injuries and more than 150 house raids.

22nd July: At a press conference, the Ministry of Interior announced that it arrested three people in connection with the car bombing in Riffa. It later issued a correction, saying that one of the three people it named, Hussein Al-Madhoon, had not been arrested. The Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights issued a statement of concern, saying that Al-Madhoon's family reports that he was arrested on 18th July.

S.Yousif Almuhafda, head of monitoring for the Bahrain Center for Human Rights said that security forces conducted house raids for the entire day, going "from one village to to the next".

23rd July: 18-year old sickle-cell sufferer Ali Mansoor Ahmed AlQassab was reportedly "brutally arrested" by masked men who arrested him from his home. He later claimed that he was "forced to confess" under torture

25th July: Khalifa bin Ahmed Al Dhahrani, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, wrote to King Hamad requesting that the National Assembly be recalled to hold an extraordinary session to discuss new security measures.

Human rights defender Naji Fateel appeared in court charged. Frontline Defenders were present at the hearing. They "condemned" the trial for failing "to meet internationally accepted legal standards and due process guarantees". Photographs had been previously been published showing marks of torture on Fateel's back.

28th July: The National Assembly met and made a series of recommendations relating to national security. The Prime Minister, Crown Prince, and assorted government Ministers, including the Human Rights Minister, voiced unanimous support. The recommendations were quickly condemned by local and international NGOs.

Security forces raided the home of Fadhel Al Obeidi looking for him, despite the fact that he died in March 2012 after being shot by police.

29th July: King Hamad wrote to the Prime Minister and reportedly called for “essential speedy implementation of these recommendations”. The Prime Minister chaired an extraordinary meeting of the Cabinet, then directed “all ministries and concerned departments” to start working implementing the recommendations.

Hussain Mansoor Abdulla Kadhem, a 33 year old man, was killed in a car crash whilst in police custody. He had gone to report the theft of his mobile phone, but police told him there was a case against him at Samaheej Police Station. He died en route.

30th July: Masked men working for the Ministry of Interior destroyed CCTV cameras outside the home of Sheikh Ali Salman, leader of opposition society Al Wefaq. 

31st July: King Hamad issued new decrees, creating harsher punishments - including the stripping of citizenship - for certain offences. The decrees were condemned by NGOs. The Ministry for Communication Affairs launched a hotline for citizens to report “any websites or accounts inciting violence and terror acts.

Masked men arrested media fixer and blogger Mohammed Hasan was arrested from his house at 3am. In the evening, photojournalist Husain Hubail was arrested from the airport. Both men are reported to have been tortured in detention. A week later, they were charged with "creating and operating websites that calls for the overthrow of the government using illegal means such as rallies that end in violence and vandalism".

Ali Issa Abdulridha AlBasry (25) and Mahmood Abbas Salman AlAradi (19) were killed in a car crash, after reportedly "being chased by police and civilian cars". A video appears to confirm this.

August 2013

1st-6th August: From figures provided by the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, during this period there were 42 arrests (40 men, 2 children), 216 house raids, 18 documented injuries, 87 instances of collective punishment and 7 incidents where private property was damaged. There were also 178 separate protests.

2nd August: Photojournalist Qassim Zainaldeen was arrested from his home by masked men.

3rd August: A car was exploded near a public park in Budaiya using gas cylinders. There were no injuries.

The Ministry for Communications Affairs announced that it had banned a series of websites "affiliated with internationally recognized organizations that fund and promote terrorism" as part of its implementation of the National Assembly recommendations. The banned websites included www.Feb14media.com, an opposition media site.

6th August: The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights expressed concerns over the recommendations made by the Bahrain National Assembly and their implementation in law. Bahraini NGOs wrote to the UN, international NGOs, media and ally governments with their concerns in advance of August 14th.

6th August: King Hamad met with British Prime Minister David Cameron at 10 Downing Street. A sale of Typhoon warplanes, said to be worth £1billion, was discussed.

King Hamad issued new decrees banning protests in the capital Manama and introducing penalties for parents of protesters, as part of the implementation of the National Assembly recommendations.

7th-11th August: From figures provided by the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, during this period there were 53 arrests (52 men and 1 woman).

7th August: Two suspects were arrested in relation to the attack in Budaiya on 3rd August.

8th August: Lawyer AbdulAziz Mosa was arrested. The day before, he met for the first time with his client Mohamed Hasan, a media fixer and blogger arrested on 31st July, when Hasan was finally brought before the public prosecutor. Hasan alleged that he had been tortured and Mosa later tweeted that he personally saw marks of torture on his body. Mosa was arrested for making those tweets.

Photojournalist Ahmed Al Fardan was arrested and reportedly beaten before being released.

9th August: Maryam AlKhawaja, Acting President of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights and Co-Director of the Gulf Center for Human Rights was prevented from boarding a British Airways flight from Denmark to Bahrain, via London, following a request by the Bahrain government.

10th August: Bahrain's Prime Minister issued a threat against the opposition, saying: "This island will burn to a cinder all those who seek to tamper with its security and stability."

The Ministry for Communications announces that a US citizen, Erin Kilbride, has been deported. She was working as a nursery school teacher in Riffa. The government accuses her of "using Twitter and a number of websites to publish articles on Bahrain that were deemed to incite hatred against the government and members of the Royal family".

13th August: The Prime Minister chaired a "high-level meeting" and announced that 17 of the 22 National Assembly recommendations "have been fully implemented". He also "stressed the need to speed up" implementation of the remaining measures.

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